Apears „Temeswarer Nachrichten“- Temeswarer News, the first newspaper
on the present territory of Romania and the first German-language newspaper in Southeastern Europe
The first edition of „Encyclopedia Britannica“ is issued
James Cook returns to England with „HMS Endeavour“ after his voyage to Tahiti to observe the Venus transit
With the data of all Venus transfers Thomas Hornsby calculates a sun paralax of 8,78" (today: 8,79").
Using this data the distance from Earth to Sun was calculated as 150806000 km (current value: 149600000 km)
Charles Messier discovers in the constellation Virgo the first galaxy, Messier 49 (also known as M 49 or NGC 4472)
Carl Wilhelm Scheele discovered the oxygen element
Richard Arkwright built the world's first water-powered mill at Cromford - first years of the industrial revolution
Thomas Wedgwood, an early experimenter in the field of photography, was born
In Resita was started the first blast furnace named „Franziskus“ and „Josephus“
And the number Pi, π important for the design of a round village like Charlottenburg
was calculated for just 127 digits [Blatner].